1. Theodore Roosevelt Jr. – Died 6th January 1919.
The 26th President of the United States from 1901 to 1909 dies.
“Great thoughts speak only to the thoughtful mind, but great actions speak to all mankind.” – Theodore Roosevelt Jr.
2. The founding of Staatliche Bauhaus, 1st April 1919.
Walter Gropius founded The Staatliche Bauhaus in Weimar.
“The ultimate aim of all creative activity is the building!” – Walter Gropius
3. Leonardo da Vinci. Died 2nd May 1519.
Italian artist, inventor, and polymath dies.
“Human subtlety…will never devise an invention more beautiful, more simple or more direct than does nature, because in her inventions nothing is lacking, and nothing is superfluous.”
– Leonardo da Vinci
4. The Normandy Landings, “D-DAY”. 6th June 1944.
The largest seaborne invasion in history begins.
“They fight not for the lust of conquest. They fight to end conquest.” – Franklin D. Roosevelt, from his D-Day Prayer
5. Gustave Courbet, turns 200 years old. 10th June 1819.
French painter who led the Realism movement in 19th-century French painting is born.
“Fine art is knowledge made visible.” – Gustave Courbet
6. Treaty of Versailles. 28th June 1919.
One of the most important peace treaties in history that brought World War I to an end is signed.
“This is not a peace. It is an armistice for twenty years.” – Ferdinand Foch
7. Alphonse Mucha. Died on 14th July 1939.
The Czech painter, illustrator and graphic artist dies.
“Art exists only to communicate a spiritual message” – Alphonse Mucha.
8. First Moon Landing. 20th July 1969.
Apollo 11 lands the first two people – Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong – on the moon.
“That’s one small step for man, a giant leap for mankind.” – Neil Armstrong
9. Napoleon Bonaparte. Born on 15th August 1769.
“Never depend on the multitude, full of instability and whims; always take precautions against it.” – Napoleon Bonaparte
10. Germany invades Poland provoking the start of World War II. 1st September 1939.
“We and France are today, in fulfilment of our obligations, going to the aid of
Poland, who is so bravely resisting this wicked and unprovoked attack on her
people. ” – Neville Chamberlain
11. Mahatma Gandhi. Born on 2nd October 1869.
Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule was born.
“Earth provides enough to satisfy every man’s needs, but not every man’s greed.” – Mahatma Gandhi
12. Doris Lessing. Born on the 22nd October 1919.
The British novelist was born.
“Any human anywhere will blossom in a hundred unexpected talents and capacities simply by being given the opportunity to do so.” – Doris Lessing
13. Fall of the Berlin Wall. 9th November 1989.
The East German government announce that all GDR citizens can now visit West Germany and West Berlin.
“The Wall was an edifice of fear. On November 9th, it became a place of joy.” – Former German President Horst Köhler
14. Pierre-Auguste Renoir. Died on 3rd December 1919.
Death of French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style.
“To my mind, a picture should be something pleasant, cheerful, and pretty, yes pretty! There are too many unpleasant things in life as it is without creating still more of them.” –
15. Henri Matisse. Born on 31st December 1869.
French artist, known for both his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship was born.
“It is only after years of preparation that the young artist should touch color – not color used descriptively, that is, but as a means of personal expression.” – Henri Matisse
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