Top Anniversaries of 2019

Top Anniversaries of 2019

From the birth of Bauhaus, to the 500th anniversary of the death of Leonardo da Vinci, we take a look at some of the major anniversaries coming up in 2019

 

 1. Theodore Roosevelt Jr. – Died 6th January 1919.

100 years

The 26th President of the United States from 1901 to 1909 dies.

“Great thoughts speak only to the thoughtful mind, but great actions speak to all mankind.” – Theodore Roosevelt Jr.

1576693 President Theodore Roosevelt, 1913; (add.info.: President Theodore Roosevelt. Roosevelt (1858-1919) was an American politician, author, naturalist, explorer, and historian who served as the 26th President of the United States.); Universal History Archive/UIG; out of copyright.
President Theodore Roosevelt, 1913; Universal History Archive/UIG

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2. The founding of Staatliche Bauhaus, 1st April 1919.

100 years

Walter Gropius founded The Staatliche Bauhaus in Weimar.

“The ultimate aim of all creative activity is the building!” – Walter Gropius

bauhaus-montage-building-poster
Left: Cover for ‘Staatliches Bauhaus in Weimar, 1919-23’ by Walter Gropius et al, 1923 (colour litho), Herbert Bayer (1900-85) / Private Collection / The Stapleton Collection. Right: Harvard university (Massachussetts) : Graduate Center built by Walter Gropius in 1949-1950 in Bauhaus style / Tallandier

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3. Leonardo da Vinci. Died 2nd May 1519.

500 years

Italian artist, inventor, and polymath dies.

“Human subtlety…will never devise an invention more beautiful, more simple or more direct than does nature, because in her inventions nothing is lacking, and nothing is superfluous.”
– Leonardo da Vinci

leonardo-da-vinci
Left: Salvator Mundi, c.1500 (oil on panel), Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) / Private Collection / Photo © Christie’s Images; Portrait of a Musician, 1485-90 (tempera & oil on panel), Vinci, Leonardo da (1452-1519) / Pinacoteca Ambrosiana, Milan, Italy / © Veneranda Biblioteca Ambrosiana

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4. The Normandy Landings, “D-DAY”. 6th June 1944.

75 years

 The largest seaborne invasion in history begins.

“They fight not for the lust of conquest. They fight to end conquest.” – Franklin D. Roosevelt, from his D-Day Prayer

IWM2628 The Landing in Normandy, Arromanches, D-Day plus 20, 26th June 1944, 1947 (oil on canvas) by Freedman, Barnett (1901-58); 154.9x304.8 cm; Imperial War Museum, London, UK; English, in copyright. PLEASE NOTE: This image is protected by the artist's copyright which needs to be cleared by you. If you require assistance in clearing permission we will be pleased to help you.
The Landing in Normandy, Arromanches, D-Day plus 20, 26th June 1944, 1947 (oil on canvas) by Barnett Freedman, (1901-58); Imperial War Museum, London, UK;

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5. Gustave Courbet, turns 200 years old. 10th June 1819.

200 years

French painter who led the Realism movement in 19th-century French painting is born.

“Fine art is knowledge made visible.”  – Gustave Courbet

The Desperate Man (Self Portrait), 1843-45 (oil on canvas), Courbet, Gustave (1819-77) / Private Collection / © Luisa Ricciarini/Leemage
The Desperate Man (Self Portrait), 1843-45 (oil on canvas), Gustave Courbet (1819-77) / Private Collection / © Luisa Ricciarini/Leemage

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6. Treaty of Versailles. 28th June 1919.

100 years

One of the most important peace treaties in history that brought World War I to an end is signed.

“This is not a peace. It is an armistice for twenty years.” – Ferdinand Foch

versailles5
The signing of the Treaty of Versailles, 1919 / Bridgeman Images

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7. Alphonse Mucha. Died on 14th July 1939.

80 years

The Czech painter, illustrator and graphic artist dies.

“Art exists only to communicate a spiritual message” – Alphonse Mucha.

752561 Self portrait, working on a mural for the Lord Mayor's Hall, Obecni dum, Prague, c.1910 (b/w photo) by Mucha, Alphonse Marie (1860-1939); Mucha Trust; (add.info.: Alfons (or Alphonse) Maria Mucha (24 July 1860 – Prague, 14 July 1939), Czech Art Nouveau painter and decorative artist, known best for his distinctive style. He produced many paintings, illustrations, advertisements, postcards, and designs.); PERMISSION REQUIRED FOR NON EDITORIAL USAGE; Czech, out of copyright. PLEASE NOTE: Bridgeman Images works with the owner of this image to clear permission. If you wish to reproduce this image, please inform us so we can clear permission for you.
Self portrait, working on a mural for the Lord Mayor’s Hall, Obecni dum, Prague, c.1910 (b/w photo), Alphonse Marie Mucha (1860-1939) / Mucha Trust

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8. First Moon Landing. 20th July 1969.

50 years

Apollo 11 lands the first two people – Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong – on the moon.

“That’s one small step for man, a giant leap for mankind.” – Neil Armstrong

3588538 Astronaut Edwin 'Buzz' Aldrin standing on the moon after the Apollo 11 landing, 20 July 1969 (colour photo); (add.info.: Photograph by astronaut Neil Armstrong (who is reflected in Aldrin's visor with the lunar module 'Eagle') Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin on Apollo 11 at the Sea of Tranquility in the first moon landing, July 20 1969); out of copyright.
Astronaut Edwin ‘Buzz’ Aldrin standing on the moon after the Apollo 11 landing, 20 July 1969 (colour photo) / Bridgeman Images

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9. Napoleon Bonaparte. Born on 15th August 1769.

250 years

“Never depend on the multitude, full of instability and whims; always take precautions against it.” – Napoleon Bonaparte

XIR101627 Napoleon Crossing the Alps on 20th May 1800, 1803 (oil on canvas) (see 184124 for detail) by David, Jacques Louis (1748-1825) (workshop of); 267x223 cm; Château de Versailles, France; (add.info.: replica of the painting executed in 1801 at the Musee de Malmaison;); French, out of copyright.
Napoleon Crossing the Alps on 20th May 1800, 1803 (oil on canvas) (see 184124 for detail), Jacques Louis David (1748-1825) (workshop of) / Château de Versailles, France

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10. Germany invades Poland provoking the start of World War II. 1st September 1939.

80 years

“We and France are today, in fulfilment of our obligations, going to the aid of
Poland, who is so bravely resisting this wicked and unprovoked attack on her
people. ” 
– Neville Chamberlain

2944241 Sept. 1, 1939 headlines about the German invasion of Poland, Americans gather to read about the event that triggered World War 2. Washington, D.C; (add.info.: Sept. 1, 1939 headlines about the German invasion of Poland, Americans gather to read about the event that triggered World War 2. Washington, D.C); Everett Collection; CANNOT BE LICENSED IN US, CANADA, JAPAN OR SWEDEN; it is possible that some works by this artist may be protected by third party rights in some territories.
Sept. 1, 1939 headlines about the German invasion of Poland, Americans gather to read about the event that triggered World War 2. Washington, D.C / Everett Collection

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11. Mahatma Gandhi. Born on 2nd October 1869.

150 years

Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule was born.

“Earth provides enough to satisfy every man’s needs, but not every man’s greed.” – Mahatma Gandhi

1704086 Mahatma Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1869-1948) Indian independantist leader, hindu spiritual leader and apostle of nonviolence, here c. 1942 colourized document; (add.info.: Le Mahatma Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1869-1948) chef spirituel hindou, leader du mouvement independantiste indien et apotre de la non-violence, ici c. 1942 --- Mahatma Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1869-1948) indian independantist leader, hindu spiritual leader and apostle of nonviolence, here c. 1942 colourized document); RESTRICTIONS MAY APPLY FOR COMMERCIAL USE - PLEASE CONTACT US; it is possible that some works by this artist may be protected by third party rights in some territories.
Mahatma Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1869-1948) Indian independantist leader, Hindu spiritual leader and apostle of nonviolence, here c. 1942 / Bridgeman Images

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12. Doris Lessing. Born on the 22nd October 1919.

100 years

The British novelist was born.

“Any human anywhere will blossom in a hundred unexpected talents and capacities simply by being given the opportunity to do so.” – Doris Lessing

Doris Lessing 1980, Godwin, Fay (1931-2005) / British Library, London, UK
Doris Lessing 1980, Fay Godwin (1931-2005) / British Library, London, UK

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13. Fall of the Berlin Wall. 9th November 1989.

30 years

The East German government announce that all GDR citizens can now visit West Germany and West Berlin.

“The Wall was an edifice of fear. On November 9th, it became a place of joy.”  – Former German President Horst Köhler

The fall of the Berlin Wall. People breaking the wall down, being reunited with loved ones and gaining access to the other side. / Buff Film & Video Library
The fall of the Berlin Wall. People breaking the wall down, being reunited with loved ones and gaining access to the other side. / Buff Film & Video Library

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14. Pierre-Auguste Renoir.  Died on 3rd December 1919. 

100 years

Death of French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style.

“To my mind, a picture should be something pleasant, cheerful, and pretty, yes pretty! There are too many unpleasant things in life as it is without creating still more of them.”  –
Pierre-Auguste Renoir

renoir-montage
Left: Marie-Therese Durand-Ruel Sewing, 1882 (oil on canvas) / Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, Williamstown, Massachusetts, USA; Right: Self Portrait, 1899 (oil on canvas), Pierre Auguste Renoir (1841-1919) / Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, Williamstown, Massachusetts, USA

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15. Henri Matisse. Born on 31st December 1869.

150 years

French artist, known for both his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship was born.

“It is only after years of preparation that the young artist should touch color – not color used descriptively, that is, but as a means of personal expression.” – Henri Matisse

French Painter Henri Matisse (1869-1954) during Exhibition in Paris in September 1945 (b/w photo) / Photo © AGIP
French Painter Henri Matisse (1869-1954) during Exhibition in Paris in September 1945 (b/w photo) / Photo © AGIP

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