The Painter's Room, 1944 (oil on canvas) , Lucian Freud (1922-2011) / Private Collection / © The Lucian Freud Archive

Top 10 Art Anniversaries: 2017

 

Need inspiration?  Love art history?  Have a read through our top ten anniversaries of the art world.  2017 is filled with anniversaries of highly renowned artists from Andy Warhol to Lucian Freud.  Visit our archival calendar for many more anniversaries.

 

1. Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
150 years since death. 14th January 1867

A French Neoclassical artist, Ingres was influenced by Italian art, drawing inspiration from artists such as Raphael.  Ingres was both a painter of history and successful portraiture artist, with works such as Madame Moitessier and Napoleon I on his Imperial Throne.  He was deeply respectful of classicism which stood juxtaposed to his rival, Delacroix’s Romanticism.

 

The Grande Odalisque, 1814 (oil on canvas), Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (1780-1867) / Louvre, Paris, France
The Grande Odalisque, 1814 (oil on canvas), Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (1780-1867) / Louvre, Paris, France

Fun fact: Ingres was also a highly accomplished violinist.

 

2. Grant Wood
75 years since death. 12th February 1942

The 20th century American artist Grant Wood was known for depicting the rural American Midwest.  His influences came from the Impressionist movement, but as his style grew his works could be categorised as being part of the American realist modern art movement, Regionalism.

 

American Gothic, 1930 (oil on beaver board), Grant Wood (1891-1942) / The Art Institute of Chicago, IL, USA / Friends of American Art Collection
American Gothic, 1930 (oil on beaver board), Grant Wood (1891-1942) / The Art Institute of Chicago, IL, USA / Friends of American Art Collection

Fun fact: his well-known painting American Gothic, which depicts a farmer and his daughter was based on his dentist and sister.

 

3. Andy Warhol
30 years since death. 22nd February 1987

A leading figure of Pop art, Andy Warhol’s works transcended conventional art and made him a popular cultural figure.  His work depicts the culture of celebrity and advertising throughout 1960s America.

 

Andy Warhol and his camera in London, 1976 (b/w photo)
Andy Warhol and his camera in London, 1976 (b/w photo)

 

4. Sidney Nolan
100 years since birth. 22nd April 1917
25 years since death. 28th November 1992

Sir Sidney Robert Nolan OM, AC, was one of Australia’s leading artists of the 20th century.  His most famous works explore Australian folklore and historical figures such as Ned Kelly, Burke & Wills and Eliza Fraser.  Whilst he travelled extensively and drew inspiration from many sources such as Greek mythology, his love of Australia did not diminish.  He continued to paint his homeland and spend several months there every year.

 

Ned Kelly, 1946 (enamel on composition board), Sidney Nolan (1917-92) / National Gallery of Australia, Canberra / Gift of Sunday Reed 1977
Ned Kelly, 1946 (enamel on composition board), Sidney Nolan (1917-92) / National Gallery of Australia, Canberra / Gift of Sunday Reed 1977

5. Emil Nolde
100 years. 7th June 1917

Emil Nolde, one of the first Expressionists and member of Die Brücke, is known for his experimentation with colour. His paintings range from religious scenes, still life and landscapes.  Nolde was a supporter of the Nazi Party and became a member of the Danish section.  Hitler condemned all modernist art as degenerate and so Nolde fell out of favour until the end of the war.

 

Dance Around the Golden Calf, 1910 (oil on canvas), Emil Nolde (1867-1956) / Staatsgalerie Moderner Kunst, Munich, Germany
Dance Around the Golden Calf, 1910 (oil on canvas), Emil Nolde (1867-1956) / Staatsgalerie Moderner Kunst, Munich, Germany

Fun Fact: Emil Nolde was born Emil Hansen.  He decided to change his surname to the name of the town he was raised.

 

6. Edgar Degas
100 years since death. 27th September 1917

The French artist’s works covered a range of media: paintings, sculptures, prints and drawings.  His work often featured dancers, racecourses and female nudes.  Degas identifies as a realist however he is often considered as one of the founders of Impressionism.

 

Dancers at Rehearsal, 1875-1877 (pastel on cardboard), Edgar Degas (1834-1917) / Pushkin Museum, Moscow, Russia
Dancers at Rehearsal, 1875-1877 (pastel on cardboard), Edgar Degas (1834-1917) / Pushkin Museum, Moscow, Russia

Fun fact: Degas initially trained to become a history painter. He changed his artist style in his 30s.

 

7. Georgia O’Keeffe
130 years since birth. 15th November 1887

Often called ‘The Mother of American Modernism’, O’Keeffe was known for her paintings of flowers, cityscapes and landscapes.  The American artist gained world-wide recognition for her work – she captured the essence of American modernity.

 

Georgia O'Keeffe (1887-1986) 1920 (silver gelatin print), Alfred Stieglitz (1864-1946) / Private Collection / Archives Charme
Georgia O’Keeffe (1887-1986) 1920 (silver gelatin print), Alfred Stieglitz (1864-1946) / Private Collection / Archives Charme

Fun fact: as an art student, O’Keeffe studied traditional realist painting.

 

8. Auguste Rodin
100 years since death. 17th November 1917

A French sculptor, Rodin is known for creating works such as The Thinker, The Kiss and The Burghers of Calais.  Rodin’s works falls under the canon of Realism. He is widely regarded as the pioneer of modern sculpture for rejecting academic formality in his pieces.  This distinctive artist style only gained recognition later in his career.

 

The Thinker, 1881 (for detail see 63999), Auguste Rodin (1840-1917) / Musee Rodin, Paris, France
The Thinker, 1881 (for detail see 63999), Auguste Rodin (1840-1917) / Musee Rodin, Paris, France

 

9. William Blake
175 years since birth. 29th November 1842

William Blake, a painter, poet and engraver, was disregarded by his contemporaries and gained acclaim after his death.  He is now often considered as one of the greatest contributors to literature and art.  Whilst he is now more well-known for his poetry, Blake’s first love was painting.  His most famous works cover scenes from the works of Milton, Dante, Shakespeare and the Bible.

 

The Ancient of Days (etching with pen & ink, w/c and bodycolour on paper), William Blake (1757-1827) / Whitworth Art Gallery, The University of Manchester, UK
The Ancient of Days (etching with pen & ink, w/c and bodycolour on paper), William Blake (1757-1827) / Whitworth Art Gallery, The University of Manchester, UK

10. Lucian Freud
95 years since birth. 8th December 1922

Born in Berlin, Freud moved to London in 1933. He is widely considered as the pre-eminent figurative artist of post-war Britain.  He is most known for his work in portraiture and nude.  His early career as a painter was influenced by Surrealism, but the body of his work is now more associated with Realism and impasto.  As a deeply private man, Freud’s paintings are mostly of friends and family.

 

Reflection (Self Portrait), 1985 (oil on canvas), Lucian Freud (1922-2011) / Private Collection / © The Lucian Freud Archive
Reflection (Self Portrait), 1985 (oil on canvas), Lucian Freud (1922-2011) / Private Collection / © The Lucian Freud Archive

Fun fact: The grandson of Sigmund Freud, Lucian continued the family name with 14 children.

Read more:

Top 10 Historical Anniversaries: 2017

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